Picot Agreement

Exactly one hundred years ago, two diplomats, a British and a Frenchman, concluded the Sykes-Picot agreement, which divided the Middle East into two zones of influence. The agreement has become one of the cornerstones of the region and has given the heart of the Middle East the shape it has taken since the end of the First World War. However, the political order established a century ago by the British and French superpowers of the time, including the regimes created and the boundaries demarcated, is currently facing a serious challenge. The article examines the agreement through the lenses of the past and present and examines its prospects for survival from the political storms that are currently engulfing the region. He concludes with a recommendation: Israel should be prepared to formulate its ideas for finding a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. If a new “Sykes-Picot” mission is created, it will almost certainly relate to this. For a period of twenty years, the existing Turkish tariff remains in effect in all blue and red zones as well as in zones (a) and b) and there is no increase in tariffs or conversions of value at certain rates, unless agreed between the two powers. The agreement was officially cancelled by the Allies at the San Remo Conference in April 1920, when the mandate of Palestine was entrusted to Great Britain. On April 21, Faisal headed east. Before leaving, on 17 April Clemenceau sent a draft letter in which the French government declared that it recognized “Syria`s right to independence in the form of a federation of autonomous governments in accordance with the traditions and wishes of the population”, claiming that Fayçal had recognized “that France is called a power, Syria the necessary assistance by various advisers On 20 April , Fayçal Clemenceau assured that he was “deeply impressed by the selfless kindness of your statements while I was in Paris, and I must thank you for first proposing the sending of the Allied Commission which will soon travel to the East to identify the wishes of the local peoples regarding the future organization of their country. I am sure the Syrian people will know how to show you their gratitude. [95] The agreement is seen by many as a turning point in Western and Arab relations.

She denied the promises made by the United Kingdom to the Arabs[9] concerning a national Arab homeland in the region of Syria in exchange for British support for the Ottoman Empire.