Alternatively, Holly E. Oliva-Van Horsten, General Counsel of the International Union of Police Associations, AFL-CIO in Sarasota, Florida, says that many concepts of discipline and investigation in police contracts are fundamental rights to due process. Although municipalities complain about the contract, she adds that they have still agreed on terms in collective bargaining. Walker, P. (1977). A critical history of police reform. Toronto: Lexington Books. Stephen Rushin, a professor at Loyola University in Chicago, studied police contracts nationally and detailed his problems in an article in the Duke Law Journal. “We don`t know the purpose of the bargaining rights and we allow them to go outside of what they were originally supposed to cover,” said Ayesha Bell Hardaway of Case Western University School of Law. “Touched,” Johnson replies.
“You support the agreement you have reached, and you must take responsibility for what you have accepted.” For police reform to work, he adds, both management and unions need ownership of the changes. In 2011, a federal judge found that the Seattle Police Department had engaged in a model of excessive force. The following year, the City entered into a transaction agreement or approval decree and adopted an accountability measure for additional oversight. Hunt, R. G., Magenau, J.M (1993). The power and the chief of police: an institutional and organizational analysis. Newbury Park: Sage Publications. In addition, some states provide additional levels of protection to public servants, with laws commonly known as police officer bills. The disciplinary story of a Chicago police officer who killed Laquan McDonald had been erased as part of the department`s contract, so officials knew nothing of the official`s past misconduct.
Minor provisions in police contracts such as the 180-day rule are common. A provision in a Kentucky police contract prevented the officers involved in Taylor`s death from being fired immediately. After massive protests across the country, amid COVID-19 quarantine restrictions, Chauvin, 44 days after Floyd`s death, was arrested and charged with second-degree murder. The 19-year-old police veteran had filed at least 17 fouls against him, but his only discipline before Floyd`s death was two letters of formal notice, the New York Times reported. Public servants` collective agreements provide protection that impedes accountability, even if the federal government oversees an authority through an approval order, experts said.